In praise of hedges

I spent Sunday at a field just outside Fishguard on the North West coast of Pembrokeshire. One of the members of the Permaculture group has just bought it with the intention of creating a small nature reserve with a wild flower meadow, lots of trees and shrubs, a couple of ponds and somewhere to sit and enjoy it all. He has had the ponds dug and is waiting to see what sets up home there. Some trees have been planted but one of our tasks was to plant more and in particular to put in a double row of saplings along the track leading to the field to grow into a hedge.


Janey, Ian and I planted the hedge


Brian and Denise stripped patches of turf off the area where the wildflower meadow will be and strewed meadow hay full of seeds on the bare ground


our base camp!

Around here most of the farmers have their hedges cut back almost to the ground every autumn using a flail on a tractor. The flail, for those of you who have never encounteed one, is a cutting head like an old fashioned push along lawn mower – a collection of sharp blades spiralling round a central axle

hedge cutting

The result is a hedge which is neither use nor ornament!

No use to keep stock in, no use for birds to nest in or small animals to hide in and producing no fruit or berries. I look at the ugly, mangled stems and feel so sorry for the plants.

Many years ago, before tractors and such like machinery became ubiquitous, farm workers spent days and days in the winter keeping the hedges in good order. It was cold, hard, skilled work and I can quite understand why they would much prefer to sit in a warm cab letting red diesel power through the job! I suspect that it will also be cheaper to do it that way.

Since I have the time and have learnt the skill I lay my hedges the old-fashioned way. My trusty billhook does most of the work. I use it to sharpen posts which I knock in with a lump hammer. The stems are then partly severed, bent down then woven round the posts. I have a bowsaw (or a pruning saw to get into small gaps) to take out any stems too big to weave in or which are surplus to requirements (some of the multi stem hazels are just too dense). Those cut stems are set aside. The thicker bottoms make posts and the brash can be woven in where the gaps between trees are too big or the trees too weedy as ‘dead hedge’ to fill the space and provide cover for the new saplings I put in to thicken the hedge up.

I don’t have livestock but the resulting boundaries are very effective at keeping my elderly lurcher, Orchid, from wandering off in pursuit of interesting smells. As the trees put out new branches and the whole tangle gets thicker, wider, denser, they will provide a safe place for small creatures and food for them too.

This winter Rob has cleared old dead willows (the remains of some planting my husband did many years ago) from a section of the top boundary, coppiced the living trees and laid the hedges north and East of the orchard. I have almost finished the one on the southern edge of the orchard, cleared the brambles under the apple trees and trained the old loganberry.

There are saplings ready to plant out between the hedge and the top fence. I have chosen species which will provide fruit or nuts for the wildlife – apples (from pips), hazel, holly and hawthorn which I have weeded out of veg beds and rowan which I have bought. Hopefully in a few years time there will be a narrow strip of productive woodland that joins the much bigger wood that I rent beyond my Western boundary and the smaller one to the East.

Even though quite a lot of the material cut out has been used to dead hedge, there are still piles of wood to go for firewood. Many a small farm produced all its fuel from the hedges.


An entirely natural and sustainable boundary, a resource for wildlife and a source of fuel – what’s not to like?!

I am looking forward to going back to Howard’s field in a few years time and helping to lay that new hedge as part of his wider plan for a small patch of biodiversity in a green desert of farmland.

13 thoughts on “In praise of hedges

  1. Laurie Graves March 18, 2020 / 1:50 pm

    What’s not to like, indeed? Fascinating story, and this frugal Mainer likes how the wood from the hedges can be used for the fire.

    Liked by 1 person

  2. nanacathy2 March 18, 2020 / 2:09 pm

    Hedge laying looks such a good skill to have. The birds do like a good hedge.


    • Going Batty in Wales March 19, 2020 / 10:20 am

      I am so glad I learnt it even though I don’t get to use it very often.


    • Going Batty in Wales March 19, 2020 / 10:20 am

      You are welcome! I hope you enjoy others too.


    • Going Batty in Wales March 19, 2020 / 10:21 am

      Please do and thank you for taking the trouble to check with me.

      Liked by 1 person

  3. fifilefou March 19, 2020 / 9:46 am

    Thank you for a very interesting post. I knew that hedges were important and needed a lot of work to maintain them, but I didn’t know what it entailed.


    • Going Batty in Wales March 19, 2020 / 10:22 am

      Luckily the laying only needs to be done every few years. The other times they just get a tidy up! And fortunately I enjoy doing it.

      Liked by 1 person

  4. tialys March 19, 2020 / 12:34 pm

    So nice to hear about new hedges being planted and existing ones being cared for. I was horrified to see photos of netted hedges to deter nesting birds in the U.K. due to property developers trying to get around the conservation rules.

    Liked by 1 person

    • Going Batty in Wales March 20, 2020 / 10:36 am

      I haven’t seen netted hedges but then there is very little new building going on round here – certainly not big new developments.

      Liked by 1 person

  5. anne54 March 24, 2020 / 3:12 am

    Lovely post, thank you. So good to know that care, time and skill are still valued.


    • Going Batty in Wales March 25, 2020 / 11:13 am

      Well they are by me but I am in a minority! Still as long as some people know how to do things others can learn.


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